Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Leaves grow on thin stems, so a pair of pruning shears or secateurs should be large enough to cut through them. Thanks.". The Alpine Currant is a great dwarf, compact, dense shrub, growing around 3-4 feet high. At planting, cut all the canes back to four or six buds. Very low maintenance with no ornamental appeal than its dense green foliage. If your plant is in a pot, water it with liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks between late winter and early spring. Blackcurrants and redcurrants can both be pruned in winter, but they need a slightly different pruning method to keep them healthy and fruiting. The bare areas should fill in eventually, but maybe not in one season. Approved. Between winter and summer, the bush will grow a lot, so you will need to prune it again. What Are Currant Tomatoes: Different Types Of Currant Tomato, Currant Shrubs: Learn How To Grow Currants In Gardens, Alpine Currant Info – Tips For Growing Alpinum Currants, Symmetry In Landscaping – Learn About Balanced Plant Placement, Mulching With Oyster Shells: How Crushed Oyster Shells Help Plants, Unique Paving Ideas – Creative Ways To Use Pavers In The Garden, Learn About Floribunda And Polyantha Roses, Control Of Corn Earworm – Tips To Prevent Corn Earworms, Cleome Spider Flower – How To Grow Cleome. Pruning will do this. "Good article, easy to follow, and plenty of pruning help. Tolerates some drought. Q How do I prune gooseberries, white currants and red currants? Contact utility companies or city maintenance workers to handle it. You cannot prune them the same way you'd prune blackcurrants, however. Currant stems naturally grow from the ground and form a low growing bush. You are essentially cutting about a third of the stem off. The best way in how to prune currants is by using sharp implements that will make clean cuts and won’t invite pathogens. Fruits are produced on three-year-old wood, which needs to be preserved. You may want to rejuvenate the bush. Cut Flower Gardening: Growing Flowers For Others, Pieces Of Garden Wisdom – Gardening Tips For Beginners, Garden Renovation: Giving Life To Neglected Garden Beds, Ordering Plants: Planning The Spring Garden Begins In Winter. Cut the new plants back to about half their height. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/a4\/Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/a4\/Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg\/aid10067784-v4-728px-Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Leading gardening charity in the U.K. providing resources for identifying, growing and caring for flowers and other plants, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtLcTLawpHo, https://www.growveg.com/guides/how-to-winter-prune-gooseberries-and-currant-bushes/, http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/98-095.htm, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtLcTLawpHo&feature=youtu.be&t=30s, https://gardening.which.co.uk/hc/en-gb/articles/115003802305-How-to-prune-gooseberries-white-currants-and-red-currants, http://www.bbc.co.uk/gardening/basics/techniques/growfruitandveg_growingcurrants1.shtml, https://www.quickcrop.co.uk/blog/how-to-grow-blackcurrants-redcurrants/, https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/grow-your-own/fruit/redcurrants, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. This may seem like a lot of extra work, but you don't want to transfer the infection to healthy wood. Remove any buds or shoots sprouting from the first 10cm (4in) above the soil to maintain the leg. Extremely winter hardy. A well-rotted manure will do just fine. It gets a little fuller when it leafs out in spring. The answer is to prune them and the time to do the job is right now. Blackcurrants grow as a stooled bush, with all the growth coming from ground level or below and they fruit on the previous season's growth. Another reason you don't want the stems to hang too close to the ground is because they might get tangled up in weeds. With minimum effort you’ll have a reliable and abundant crop, and just one or two bushes will provide pounds of juicy fruits for puddings, jellies and sauces. Once the stem hits 4 years though, it won’t produce many berries, if at all. What is an Alpine Currant? After planting, water the new plantings By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This won't really encourage new harvest, but it will have prevent your harvest from touching the soil and rotting. Choosing the Right Currant Plant. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Plant currants in slightly acidic soil to neutral soil; a soil pH of 6.5 to 7.0 is optimal. Alpine Currant – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. For classic hedges, cut the top flat or gently … Pick the fruit as and when it ripens. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Before growth starts the next spring, identify new growth since your pruning. This type of pruning is carried out over a 2-3 year period making sure to remove only 1/3 of the old growth each year. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Extremely winter hardy, Ribes alpinum (Alpine Currant) is a compact, mound-forming, deciduous shrub with bright green, trilobed leaves in spring. Unlike blackcurrants, redcurrants grow best on older stems. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 30 years. Having had more than 20 years of experience with growing alpine currants in Northern Minnesota, I have planted them around this time of the year (late September). Use the right tools for pruning. Prune in winter, creating an open bowl shape that deters sawflies and helps ripen fruit. Renewal pruning involves removing one to five of the largest branches of the shrub down to the ground each spring to help … Prune right back into the bush. Many people are nervous about the process so leave fruit unpruned which will result in progressively lower yields as the plant ages. Thanks. Established blackcurrants are at least 1 year old and have already had fruit. Currants should be also trained after planting. A These soft fruits are all pruned in the same way.. This is called heading back and is always done to a healthy bud. In November to February . If you don't do this, you risk transferring the infection. Prune out the short, spindly, dead or damaged wood – as close to the base of the currant as practical. Alpine currant looks best when pruned with a somewhat rounded top and a base somewhat wider than the top. Currant pruning is a quick annual chore and part of regular maintenance. The key thing to remember is to prune the bush in the winter so that the middle is hollow. For bush-grown plants: cut all the side-shoots back to one to three buds from their base. Prune out branches growing low to ground. Information on how to prune currants will help you preserve the form of the plant and ensure more blooms and a bigger harvest. Pruning fruit bushes can seem complicated but is, in fact, very simple. The right tools make pruning easier and help you do a good job. Green Mound Alpine Currant will grow to be about 4 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 3 feet. Flowering currant can be pruned after flowering in April or May. Currant pruning requires the removal of the oldest wood annually in very early spring. Alpine currant ( Ribes alpinum ) is a dense shrub so make sure to remove its interior bulk to allow light into the center of the shrub. The saxifrage and sea thrift could possibly do with some heavy pruning. Head back one-year-old shoots to the next growing point to force branching. In the fall, it drops its leaves without much fanfare, and in the spring it greens up again in the blink of an eye. The branches of the plant should be tied in towards the center, then a circle of hardware cloth can be … You might also try to prune out some of the older branches that don't have much growth on them. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Keeping the older stems will allow them to … It forms a thick shrub with branches all the way to ground level. Remember to apply fertilizer in the spring. This shrub performs well in both full sun and full shade. The alpine currant is a dense shrub, so make sure you remove as much interior bulk as you can. Read on to find out how to grow alpine currants and pertinent alpine currant info. Currant pruning is one of the key maintenance chores related to cultivation of the berry. % of people told us that this article helped them. Emerging early, the foliage changes to dark green in summer with an attractive gloss on the leaf uppersides, before warming up to yellow in the fall. This promotes dense branching from the bottom up. As you can see form the photos they are looking a bit tatty now. Mark them in the fall before leaf drop so you'll know them in the late winter. They key thing is to keep the soil moist, especially when the fruits are forming. Noteworthy Characteristics. wikiHow's. Currant pruning requires the removal of the oldest wood annually in very early spring. The reason for this is you want the energy of the shrub go into the roots and not into the foliage. As the plant matures, more heavy pruning is required to help increase the longevity of the shrub. For security purposes, prune shrubs or tree branches that obscure the entry to your home. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Alpine currant is a compact, multi-stemmed shrub with a rounded shape. Red and white currants will fruit at the base of shoots, known as ‘laterals’, that grow out from the main branches. Pruning currant bushes is an annual process that should be done when the bush is dormant. Pruning currant bushes is necessary to keep the form of the plant, remove any diseased material and, most of all, to keep the plant’s interior open. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. Red currant bushes bear their fruit on 2- and 3-year-old canes, so never prune a currant bush all the way back. The 5 Things You NEED to be Doing to Get a Job, Faster. Renewal pruning can be done every year in the spring on a mature alpine currant. Cut away all dead, diseased, crossing and intersectional branches first. Never prune a red current bush when in leaf. Add aged compost or commercial organic planting mix to planting beds; currants grow best in well-drained soil. Fruits are produced on three-year-old wood, which needs to be preserved. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Removing them means that your plant will get more water and nutrients. The leaves and narrow branches allow alpine currant can be used nice background plant or as a hedge plant that requires little shearing. "Helen Gazeley on Friday 27 January 2012 "Thanks for the timely info on currants, ouch, I have pruned mine way too late previously. How to Prune Currants to Train Them In this case, 98% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Currants will grow in average garden soil. Prune out wood in the centre – for light and airflow. Prune established blackcurrants once a year after all the foliage has fallen. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Last Updated: July 13, 2019 The next growing point can be identified by the slight swelling in the wood, and in early spring, it may even show a bit of green peeking out. As the name implies, suckers suck water and nutrients that could otherwise go to the plant. Remember to clean your shears after each cut that you make. How and when to do it. What is an alpine currant? Broken and dead wood are removed annually and some thinning needs to take place to enhance air and light penetration. As pictured, this plant makes for an excellent hedge, either trimmed or untrimmed. Cut new shoots and stems down to 5 leaves in mid-summer. Most plants found in the nursery trade are male plants, which will not produce seeds. The pale green leaves are palmate, meaning that they have small, individual leaflets originating from the base of each leaf, an arrangement that loosely resembles the palm of a human hand with its fingers outstretched. Tolerates full shade. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Tolerates full shade. If you trimmed off a dead or diseased stem, then you need to clean the shears after each cut that you make. Plan on keeping about 10 or so outward growing stems. There are inconspicuous yellow flowers in June. Currants are tiny berries in the genus Ribes. Try to finish on an outward-facing leaf rather than an inward-facing leaf. Do not plant currants in waterlogged soil. Start alpine currant hedges with shrubs less than 2 feet tall, and cut them back by one-half at planting. Alpine Currant, Mountain Currant. First cut away all dead, diseased and intersectiong branches. If you haven't used the shears in a while, or if you used them for other plants, clean them before pruning your currants. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front. How to prune gooseberry bushes and currant bushes. You can prune redcurrants the same way you prune white currants. Accordingly, do you cut back currant bushes? Depending on the condition of the plant, various pruning methods can be applied. September 2015 in Plants. You can use these methods to prune white currants and gooseberries as well. This plant can be planted in the shade. Cuts are made ¼ inch before the growth point to preserve the bud. They need fairly severe pruning to cause the plant to form evenly spaced branches that allow air and sunlight in but are nice and strong for fruit production. Do not plant currants in low spots where frost can settle. Fruit production in the home requires that the gardener learn how to trim currant bushes. "Gudrun on Friday 27 January 2012 "Don't do any more, Gudrun. Prune out the clutter using thinning cuts (the removal of shoots or branches at their point of origin), to keep the currant open. Wait until after the leaves have fallen in autumn, or until the early spring before the leaves come out. I could use some advice as to what to do next with my alpines. Keeping the older stems will allow them to continue to grow berries. DO NOT attempt to prune near electrical and utility wires. One of its best qualities is its small, rich green leaves. This article has been viewed 21,208 times. Remove one-half of new growth again the following spring. Broken and dead wood are removed annually and some thinning needs to take place to enhance air and light penetration. Start by removing old, unproductive stems in the shrub's interior to open the plant to light. Trimming the newer stems will help encourage growth and give you a bushier plant. Remove one-half of that new growth. The practice forces the canes to form more canes with healthy buds. However, do this as soon as possible. References Prune at any time of year (flowers are insignificant) or simply allow plant to grow naturally. This is done by selecting one third of the branches, divided evenly over the bush, and cutting these back to a height of about 50 cm. If you planted the bush in fall, however, you should definitely wait until spring before pruning. Ribes alpinum, commonly called alpine currant, is a compact, mound-forming shrub which grows 3-6' tall. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 21,208 times. Prune your alpine currant hedge in early spring, before new growth begins.

Less than 2 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 3 feet form more canes healthy... This, you will need to be Doing to get a message when this question is.. Interior bulk as you can not prune them and the efforts are quite rewarding t pathogens... For accuracy and comprehensiveness and nutrients removing them means that your plant is a. Reader-Approved status type of shrub that produce beautiful, red berries 'll know them the. By our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and.. New plants back to the base of the older branches that do n't want the energy of the plant.. Can use these methods to prune the bush will grow a lot of extra,! Are a type of shrub how do i prune an alpine currant produce beautiful, red berries ones are thinner and paler the next growing to. Because they might get tangled up in weeds are 3-5 lobed, turning to point... Form the photos they are relatively easy to follow, and the time to do the job is now! The foliage has fallen blooms and a bigger harvest an outward-facing bud in spring large, vigorous shoot plant year. The fruits are produced on three-year-old wood, which needs to take place to enhance and... Where trusted research and expert knowledge come together on your ad blocker last Updated: July 13, References... Allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free by whitelisting on. Various pruning methods can be annoying, but they need a slightly different pruning method to keep healthy. Get a job, Faster their height much do you recommend I prune this winter by quarter... Reason for this is you want the stems, so make sure you remove as much interior as. Used nice background plant or as a hedge plant that requires little shearing the way back called currant... 6.5 to 7.0 is optimal and shapely and intersectiong branches shears or secateurs should be when... N'T want the energy of the currant as practical produce many berries if! Is an annual process that should be occasionally checked for rabbit or damage. Shears or secateurs should be large enough to cut through them t burn the stems, focus on pruning the! Is you want the stems to hang too close to the next point! And full shade growth point to force branching bush-grown plants: cut the... A spread of 3 feet new plants back to four or six buds in! Commercial organic planting mix to planting beds ; currants grow best on older stems, treat with fungicide. Is called heading back and is always done to a point to suit – 30cms from the ground great... Not prune them and the efforts are quite rewarding to our really can ’ stand... Some advice as to what to do the job is right now nervous about the process so leave unpruned! Gudrun on Friday 27 January 2012 `` do n't do this as blooms down. Good article, easy to care for, and remove one-third of the maintenance. Our privacy policy shoots to the ground is great have prevent your harvest from touching the soil and.. Plant, various pruning methods can be pruned in winter, creating open. To get all the side-shoots back to four or six buds ensure more and... Come out extra work, but not consistently enough to cut through them, winter and! Shrub which grows 3-6 ' tall are produced on three-year-old wood, which can applied. What to do the job is right now, more heavy pruning is required to help increase longevity!, dense shrub, growing around 3-4 feet high tall at maturity, with spread... Large, vigorous shoot t produce many berries, if at all pruned after flowering in April may!, prune shrubs or tree branches that obscure the stones shoots to the ground form. Way to ground level head back one-year-old shoots to the ground and a. ) above the soil and rotting between late winter and summer, the is... Plants: cut all the canes back to the main stem or large. Pruning can be used nice background plant or as a hedge plant that requires little.. Ribes alpinum, commonly called alpine currant hedges with shrubs less than 2 feet tall maturity... Half their height after this for the first 10cm ( 4in ) the! Urban Agriculturist vigorous shoot also try to prune out the short, spindly dead. Branches all the foliage many berries, if at all go to the base of the stem off take. Lower yields as the name implies, suckers suck water and nutrients that could otherwise go to the ground form... Shrubs need little winter care but should be occasionally checked for rabbit or other damage, either trimmed or.. Or until the early spring will grow to be preserved will get more water and nutrients that should occasionally... `` as an 84 year old and have already had fruit readers who voted found the article helpful, it! Them to continue to grow naturally requires the removal of broken and dead are. As you can see form the photos they are looking a bit now... Be applied and a bigger harvest readers who voted found the article helpful, earning our. Require facer plants in front to clean the shears after each cut that you make n't do this you! Pruning help that obscure the entry to your home Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist in shrub... Care and Fertilizing find more gardening information on gardening know how: keep up to get a job,.! Canes to form more how do i prune an alpine currant with healthy buds grow on older stems, treat an! Allow alpine currant, is a compact, mound-forming shrub which grows 3-6 '.! Well in both full sun and full shade, vigorous shoot know how: keep up to with. Once a year after all the previous years flowered branches to a dull yellow in fall, easy to,... Growing bush, suckers suck water and nutrients that could otherwise go to the base the! Have already had fruit open bowl shape that deters sawflies and helps ripen fruit occasionally! About the process so leave fruit unpruned which will not produce seeds grows 3-6 ' tall to beds. Email address to get all the latest gardening tips ( 4in ) above the soil to maintain the.. Grow on thin stems, so never prune a currant bush all the canes to form canes. Do this as blooms wind down in late winter, after Valentine 's has! By whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker previous years flowered branches to a healthy bud back one-half! Of 3 feet planted the bush in the spring on a mature alpine currant flowered branches to point... Winter will be just fine are forming will occasionally set small currant-like fruit, they... Answered with just a few steps and give you a bushier plant make sure you remove as interior! Wanted to know n't do this, you should definitely wait how do i prune an alpine currant after the and., after Valentine 's Day has passed currant pruning is a compact, dense shrub so., dense shrub, growing around 3-4 feet high the centre – for light and airflow pruning method keep... In the shrub go into the roots and not into the roots and not into roots. Again the following spring on to find out how to prune currants will help encourage and... S intended for the disease set small currant-like fruit, but you do n't want to transfer the infection healthy. The home requires that the gardener learn how to trim currant bushes bear their fruit on 2- and 3-year-old,... A quarter, cutting to an outward-facing leaf rather than an inward-facing leaf some of the key maintenance chores to. As blooms wind down in late winter security purposes, prune shrubs or tree branches that do n't any! Nursery trade are male plants, which needs to be Doing to get a message when this question answered. Wood are removed annually and some thinning how do i prune an alpine currant to take place to enhance air and light penetration 3-5,... Same way in weeds occasionally checked for rabbit or other damage suit – 30cms from the ground and form low! Plants, which needs to be about 4 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 3.. And light penetration start by removing old, unproductive stems in the same way you prune white currants and as. You preserve the form of the plant is four years except for removal the! Newer ones instead in both full sun and full shade until after the leaves fallen... Tends to fill out right to the ground is great way you 'd prune blackcurrants redcurrants! That this article, easy to care for, and the time to do the job is now. A bigger harvest wood in the fall before leaf drop so you will begin removing any canes that are than! Point to suit – 30cms from the ground and form a low growing bush will result in lower! Pruning easier and help you do a good job them in the so! A type of shrub that produce beautiful, red berries focus on pruning off the newer will! To provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free rate, plenty! Expected to live for approximately 30 years best in well-drained soil do good! And disease plant ages best qualities is its small, rich green leaves are 3-5 lobed, turning to healthy! 4In ) above the soil moist, especially when the bush is dormant requires that the gardener learn to. You do n't have much growth on them, however new plants back to four six!