Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Test out how well you understand it by taking the test below in preparation for the exam focusing on basic entry … AP Psychology 2 Participants AP Psychology Spring 2016 Summer Reading and Assignments Prologue Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Sensation & Perception Learning Memory Thinking and Language the distance from the center line to the top point of the crest or the bottom point of the trough, The distance between two corresponding parts of a wave, the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a given time, cycles or waves per second, a measurement of frequency, longer wavelengths will have lower frequencies, and shorter wavelengths will have higher frequencies (T/F). It looks like your browser needs an update. Terms from unit on sensation … when sensory information is detected by a sensory receptor. Sensation is to ________ as perception is to ________. The theory that the spinal cord contains a neurological "gate" that blocks pain signals or allows them to pass on to the brain. what happens to the pupil when light levels are low? the complete range of electromagnetic waves placed in order of increasing frequency, a tone's experienced highness or lowness; depends on frequency, high-frequency sound waves are perceived as high high-pitched sounds, and low-frequency sound waves are perceived as low-pitched sounds (T/F), -constructs a mental representation of the world around us. Whereas Perception is the way we interpret these sensations and therefore make sense of everything around us. Sensation is input about the physical world registered by our sensory receptors, such as our eyes, ears, mouth, nose, and skin. This best illustrated the importance of: After listening to your high-volume car stereo for 15 minutes, you fail to realize how loudly the music is blasting. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Experiencing meaningful patterns in the jumble of sensory information received by the brain is ________, the organization, identification, and interpretation of a sensation in order to form a mental representation, Finding the cold water of a swmming pool warmer after you have been in it for awhile, Decrease in sensory responsiveness accompanying an in changing stimulus. As people grow older, they are most likely to need glasses because: Dilation and constriction of the popul are controlled by the. perceptions can be affected by our beliefs, values, prejudices, expectations, and life experiences (T/F), (Marshall Segall, Donald Campbell, and Melville Herskovits). 1. each eye gets a slightly different view of the visual field, the point in the brain where the visual field information from each eye "crosses over" to the appropriate side of the brain for processing, theory of color vision that proposes three types of cones: red, blue, and green. Understanding these two concepts is important in psychology. Match. the ability to see objects in three dimensions although the images that strike the retina are two-dimensional, depth cues, such as retinal disparity, that depend on the use of two eyes, the difference in the retinal images of the two eyes that provides information about depth. Occurs when elements are placed close together and are perceived as a unified group. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. This best illustrates: below one's absolute threshold for awareness. In additive color mixing, the combination of red, green and blue creates ________; in subtractive color mixing, the combination of red, yellow and blue creates ________, According to the opponent-process theory, cells that are stimulated by exposure to ________ light are inhibited by exposure to ________ light. Cram.com makes it … the transparent structure behind the pupil that changes shape to help focus images on the retina, the central focal point in the retina, around which the eye's cones cluster, -the light-sensitive inner surface of the eye, - retinal receptors that detect black, white, and gray, exiting a dark room and your eyes adjust to the bright light, In a bright environment, vision is dominated primarily by cone activity (T/F), as you move to a dark environment, rod activity dominates, but there is a delay in transitioning between the phases (T/F), carries visual information from the retina to the brain, when light from a small object is focused on the blind spot, we do not see it. Spell. what 2 reasons are we consciously aware of our blind spots? Apparently, Manuel has a lower ________ for skunk odor than his parents have. Study Flashcards On Psychology Test 2 Chapter 4 SENSATION AND PERCEPTION at Cram.com. Email This BlogThis! Start studying Psychology - Chapter 5 - Sensation and perception. This video covers the fifth chapter of the Openstax Psychology textbook - Sensation and Perception. the tendency to perceive things that look similar to each other as being part of the same group, we are more likely to perceive continuous, smooth flowing lines than jagged, broken lines, we organize our perceptions into complete objects rather than as a series of parts, ability to discriminate among different figures and shapes, -educated guesses that we make while interpreting sensory information. conversion from sensory stimulus energy to action potential, the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50 percent of the time, brief auditory or visual messages that are presented below the absolute threshold, the minimal change in a stimulus that can just barely be detected, the minimum difference between two stimuli required for detection 50 percent of the time, unlike the absolute threshold, the difference threshold changes depending on the stimulus intensity (T/F), the principle that, to be perceived as different, two stimuli must differ by a constant minimum percentage (rather than a constant amount), the way sensory info is organized, interpreted, and consciously experienced, perception involves both bottom-up processing and top-down processing (T/F), fact that perceptions are built from sensory input, how we interpret sensations is influenced by our available knowledge, experiences and thoughts, tendency of sensory receptor cells to become less responsive to a stimulus that is unchanging, attention plays a significant role in determining what is sensed versus what is perceived (T/F), • studied inattentional blindness by having a gorilla suited assistant walk through a group of students throwing basketballs, failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. This best illustrates: People are more likely to perceive a figure and ground illustration as reversible if they are told it is reversible. Psychology Test 1 (Chapter 1-4) - Quizlet Psychology Chapter 4: Sensation & Perception. If an adult develops cataracts, his or her: If you move your watchband up your wrist an inch or so, you will feel it for only a few moments. News about the supposed effects of briefly presented messages on moviegoers' consumption of popcorn and Coca-Cola involved false claims regarding: Although Manuel was sitting right next to his parents, he smelled skunk minutes before they did. AP Psychology Spring 2016 Summer Reading and Assignments Prologue Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Sensation & Perception Learning … A famous visual illusion involving the misperception of the identical length of two lines, one with arrows pointed inward, one with arrows pointed outward. the theory that opposing retinal processes (red-green, yellow-blue, white-black) enable color vision. -the transparent layer forming the front of the eye. Assumes there is no single absolute threshold and that detection depends partly on a person's experience, expectations, motivation, and alertness. A visual image that persists after a stimulus is removed. Study Flashcards On AP Psychology Chapter 5 Sensation at Cram.com. Sensation [EPUB] Chapter 4 Ap Psychology Test chapter 5 sensation The five basic taste sensation are There are five basic taste sensations that our tongue's … Want more videos about psychology every Monday and Thursday? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. transmits and amplifies vibrations from the malleus to the stapes, transmits and amplifies vibrations from the incus to the oval window, membrane that covers the opening between the middle ear and inner ear, specialized auditory receptor neurons embedded in the basilar membrane, receives pressure waves and vibrates, stimulates hair cells in organ of corti, sound's frequency is coded by the activity level of a sensory neuron, different portions of the basilar membrane are sensitive to sounds of different frequencies, (one-eared) All sources of audio play out of one single channel, - provided when each pinna interacts with incoming sound waves, -cues to sound location that involve both ears working together, fact that a sound coming from the right side of your body is more intense at your right ear than at your left ear, the difference in arrival time of the same sound at the two ears, failure to transmit neural signals from the cochlea to the brain, - disease that results in sensorineural hearing loss, -electronic devices that consist of microphone, speech processor, and electrode array, a fifth taste sensation added to the list, a savory flavor, sensory organs in the mouth that contain the receptors for taste, taste buds have a life cycle of 10 days to 2 weeks (T/F), -located in the mucous membrane at the top of the nose, the first brain structure to pick up smell information from the nose, biochemical odorants emitted by other members of their species that can affect an animal's behavior or physiology, signal that some type of tissue damage has occurred, -abnormal processing of pain message; burning, shooting in nature, the condition of being born without the ability to perceive pain, the sense of body movement and position, including the sense of balance, a psychological approach that emphasizes that we often perceive the whole rather than the sum of the parts, the organization of the visual field into objects that stand out from their surroundings. Chapter 1: Introduction to Psychology Chapter 2: Psychological Research Chapter 3: Biopsychology Chapter 4: States of Consciousness Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception Chapter 6: Learning Chapter 7: Thinking and The local fire department sounds the 12 o'clock whistle. Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest AP Psychology Practice Tests | High School Test Prep This quiz was Start studying Chapter 5: Sensation. A subliminal message is one that is presented: The absolute threshold is the minimum amount of stimulation that a person needs to detect a stimulus, Cones and rods are to vision as ________ are to audition, The retina is to the eye as the ________ is to the ear, Brightness is to light as ________ is to sound. Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception at Cram.com has gone wrong sense organ that respond a. Ground illustration as reversible if they are told it is reversible stimulation noise... 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