your own Pins on Pinterest Yinlong was discovered in rock deposits dating from 159 million to 154 million years ago, during the Oxfordian and Kimmeridgian stages of the Late Jurassic Epoch. Discover (and save!) These features are important for determining the evolutionary relationships between all ornithischian dinosaurs. The species epithet (or specific name), downsi, honors the late Will Downs, a frequent participant in paleontological expeditions to China. It lived in the Jurassic period and inhabited Asia . Yinlong was a relatively small dinosaur, with a total length of about 1.2 metres (3.9 ft) from nose to tail, and a weight of about 15 kilograms (33 lb). It also shared a number of pachycephalosaurian skull characteristics not seen in other, more advanced ceratopsians. It was described in 2006 by Xu Xing and some of his colleagues. The species was named after the American vertebrate paleontologist William Randall Downs III, a frequent participant in paleontological expeditions to China who died the year before Yinlong was discovered.[1]. Updates? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Smart cookie preferences. Yingshanosaurus was a herbivore. Its fossilised remains were found in China. This dinosaur has been called the earliest tyrannosaur ever found, although if you looked at its features you wouldn’t think to call it one. Long robust hindlimbs and shorter slender forelimbs with three-fingered hands suggests a bipedal lifestyle like many small ornithopods. [2] The first specimen discovered was a single exceptionally well-preserved skeleton, complete with skull, of a nearly adult animal, found in 2004 in the Middle-Late Jurassic strata of the Shishugou Formation located in Xinjiang Province, China. Yinlong is derived from the Mandarin-Chinese "yin" (hidden) and "long" (dragon), in reference to the kung-fu spectacular 'Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon' which was partly filmed at Xinjiang, close to its place of discovery. [1], Xu, X., Forster, C.A., Clark, J.M., and Mo, J. Yinlong was discovered in rock deposits dating from 159 million to 154 million years ago, during the Oxfordian and Kimmeridgian stages of the Late Jurassic Epoch. Yinlong also preserves skull features reminiscent of the family Heterodontosauridae, providing support for the hypothesis that heterodontosaurids are closely related to marginocephalians[5][6][7] The group containing Marginocephalia and Heterodontosauridae has been named Heterodontosauriformes. Yinlongwas a relatively small dinosaur, with a total length of about 1.2 metres (3.9 ft) from nose to tail, and a weight of about 15 kilograms (33 lb). Despite its small size and bipedal stance, the descendants of Yinlong would evolve into the huge quadrupedal herbivores like Triceratops that lived at the end of the Cretaceous. Long robust hindlimbs and shorter slender forelimbs with three-fingered hands suggests a bipedal lifestyle like many small ornithopods. "A new genus of Psittacosauridae (Dinosauria: Ornithopoda) and the origin and early evolution of marginocephalian dinosaurs. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Despite a virtually frill-less and totally horn-less skull, Yinlongis a ceratopsian—the generally frilled and horned or bossed herbivores with beak-tipped sno… May 15, 2015 - Yinlong_skull.jpg (1200×800) - Dinosauria, Ornithischia, Marginocephalia, Ceratopsia. A list of 309 dinosaur names can be found below: A Aardonyx Abelisaurus Achelousaurus Achillobator Acrocanthosaurus Aegyptosaurus Afrovenator Agilisaurus Alamosaurus Albertaceratops Albertosaurus Alectrosaurus Alioramus Four dinosaur genera, Chaoyangsaurus Xuanhuaceratops, Yinlong and Hualianceratops, are usually considered sh. The genus name is derived from Chinese words meaning “hiding dragon,” because the fossil was found near a filming location of the movie Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000). Interesting Facts: Scientists theorize that the T. Rex was not a hunter, but rather a scavenger. Supporting this theory are the facts that they have not found any healed bit marks from the T. Rex on other dinosaurs, the t-rex's small arms would have been useless to hold down prey, and the dinosaur itself did not move quickly. [1] [2] Yinlong is the oldest and most primitive ceratopsian known. Opens in a new window. What's the world's weirdest dinosaur? Are birds really related to dinosaurs? Gastroliths, stones stored in the digestive tract and used to grind plant material, are also found in other ceratopsians such as Psittacosaurus, and are also widely distributed in most other dinosaur groups, including birds. A coalition of American and Chinese paleontologists, including Xu Xing, Catherine Forster, Jim Clark, and Mo Jinyou, described and named Yinlong in 2006. Candidate, Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley Museum of Paleontology. Home People Categories by individual Taxa by author Taxa named by Zhao Xijin Chaoyangsaurus. Discover (and save!) Yinlong Yuanmousaurus. Yinlong was a relatively small dinosaur, with a total length of about 1.2 metres (3.9 ft) from nose to tail, and a weight of about 15 kilograms (33 lb). Corrections? [8], Yinlong was discovered with seven gastroliths preserved in the abdominal cavity. It's face only started showing features of the later, larger, and more powerful ceratopsians. The very first of their kind was very different from later Genera like the famous three-horned Triceratops. Explore the enormous and surprising world of dinosaurs here, including dinosaur diet, types of dinosaurs, where dinosaurs lived, the wildest dinosaurs, and much more. The known fossil material of Yinlong consists of many skeletons and skulls. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. Oct 5, 2016 - The thickened skull of the Late Triassic reptile Triopticus primus, might closely resemble that of the much later Archosaur Stegoceras, a pachycephalosaurid. [3] Long robust hindlimbs and shorter slender forelimbs with three-fingered hands suggests a bipedal lifestyle like many small ornithopods. 97 Interesting Dinosaur Facts. 1985. 2003. & Wang X. It also suggests that later pachycephalosaurians retained more of the primitive characteristics initially shared between the two groups, while the skeletons of ceratopsians became much more derived with time. It was also 1.2 meters ( 4 feet ). Explore Yinlong, a plant-eating ceratopian in the Dinosaur Directory. ", Zhao X., Cheng Z., & Xu X. (2006). Yinlong was a herbivore. Auteur : Kabacchi, 2010. Quick facts about Yingshanosaurus: Existed from 163.5 million years ago to 157.3 million years ago. Ph.D. Agilisaurus Allosaurus Apatosaurus Archaeopteryx Barosaurus Brachiosaurus Camarasaurus Camptosaurus Ceratosaurus Chaoyangsaurus Chinshakiango-saurus Chirostenotes Chungkingosaurus Coelurus Compsognathus Dacentrurus Dicraeosaurus Diplodocus Dryosaurus Dubreuillosaurus Elaphrosaurus Euhelopus Europasaurus Gargoyleosaurus Giraffatitan … "A revision of the ornithischian dinosaur, You H., Xu X. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème dinosaure, animaux préhistoriques, préhistorique. It lived in the Jurassic period and inhabited Asia. It was a small, primarily bipedal herbivore. A very interesting find,‭ ‬Yinlong represents the earliest identifiable ceratopsian dinosaur.‭ ‬Despite its small size and bipedal stance,‭ ‬the descendants of Yinlong would evolve into the huge quadrupedal herbivores like Triceratops that lived at the end of the Cretaceous. Fossilfunde stammen fast ausschließlich aus Ostasien und Nordamerika. This is an ongoing debate between scientists. Apr 13, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by M Alan Kazlev. Published March 13, 2017 Updated April 20, 2020. Its fossils have been found in places such as Sichuan (China) . This scene may have played out again and again as at least 14 dinosaurs tumbled into three different mud traps. Academic disciplines Business Concepts Crime Culture Economy Education Energy Events Food and drink Geography Government Health Human behavior Humanities Knowledge … By Karin Lehnardt, Senior Writer. "The earliest ceratopsian from the Tuchengzi Formation of Liaoning, China. Apr 30, 2012 - This Pin was discovered by Jim Green. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Quick facts about Yinlong: Existed from Oxfordian Age to 157.3 million years ago; Lived in a terrestrial habitat; Was a herbivore; Reproduced by laying eggs; Only one specimen has been found by paleontologists It was a small, herbivore that moved around mainly on 2 legs (bipedal). Its fossils have been found in places such as Xinjiang (China). Now, more than 160 million years later, scientists have unearthed this dino graveyard—including fossils of the oldest known member of the tyrannosaur family. It was a small, primarily bipedal herbivore . your own Pins on Pinterest The combination of ceratopsian and pachycephalosaurian skeletal features in Yinlong strengthens the argument that the pachycephalosaurians were the closest relatives of the ceratopsian dinosaurs. Yinlong, ceratopsian dinosaur genus known from a single nearly complete skeleton taken from the Junggar Basin of western China. ", Cooper, M.R. Long is the word most often used in the Chinese media when referring to dinosaurs. Lived in a terrestrial habitat. 1999. This dinosaur lived during the mid jurassic period around 155 million years ago. Ceratopsians, the iconic horned Dinosaurs of the Cretaceous, came from humble origins. Mar 22, 2017 - exhibit illustration for Dinosaur-Quest in San Antonio Yinlong (隱龍, meaning "hidden dragon") is a genus of basal ceratopsian dinosaur from the Late Jurassic Period of central Asia. your own Pins on Pinterest Share your thoughts, experiences and the tales behind the art. Yinlong was herbivorous and measured 1.2 metres (about 4 feet) long. your own Pins on Pinterest We use cookies to make your online experience sweeter. Yinlong, ceratopsian dinosaur genus known from a single nearly complete skeleton taken from the Junggar Basin of western China. Yinlong (meaning "Hidden Dragon") was a small basal primitave ceratopsian dinosaur from inner China of the Late Jurassic. [1][2] All other described ceratopsians are known from the later Cretaceous Period. Dinosaurs for Kids is a fun and comprehensive look at dinosaur history. Yinlong is the oldest known ceratopsian. your own Pins on Pinterest Yinlong was discovered in rock deposits dating from 159 million to 154 million years ago, during the Oxfordian and Kimmeridgian stages of the Late Jurassic Epoch. ", A basal ceratopsian with transitional features from the Late Jurassic of northwestern China, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yinlong&oldid=992688141, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 16:08. [1] The addition of these characters further strengthens the support for Marginocephalia. [1][2] Yinlong is the oldest and most primitive ceratopsian known. The genus contains only one species, Yinlong downsi, named for the American vertebrate paleontologist William R. Downs III. What was the smallest dinosaur? Like the pachycephalosaurians, Yinlong walked bipedally, whereas most ceratopsians relied on quadrupedal locomotion. Sie lebten vorwiegend in der Kreidezeit und waren durch einen Nackenschild und häufig auch Hörner charakterisiert. Its diet was plants. The generic name is derived from the Mandarin Chinese words 隱 (yǐn: "hidden") and 龍 (lóng: "dragon"), a reference to the movie Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, large portions of which were filmed in the western Chinese province of Xinjiang, near the locality where this animal's fossil remains were discovered. Late Jurassic. After all, it has longer arms than a typical tyrannosaur and it has a large crest that other members of that species didn’t have. Zu den bekanntesten Vertretern gehören die Psittacosauridae, die Protoceratopsidae un… Die Ceratopsia (auch Ceratopia, eingedeutscht Ceratop(s)ier) sind eine artenreiche Gruppe pflanzenfressender Vogelbeckensaurier (Ornithischia). Was a … May 16, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Ngikchu. In addition to being the earliest ceratopsian, Yinlong is distinctive because its skeleton shares many features with Heterodontosaurus, a genus of ornithopod dinosaurs, and the pachycephalosaurians (such as Pachycephalosaurus). Despite a virtually frill-less and totally hornless skull, Yinlong is a ceratopsian. https://www.britannica.com/animal/Yinlong. Explore Yinlong, a plant-eating ceratopian in the Dinosaur Directory. Yinlong, ceratopsian dinosaur genus known from a single nearly complete skeleton taken from the Junggar Basin of western China. Add your article. The presence of these features in Yinlong indicates these as actual synapomorphies (unique features) of the larger group Marginocephalia, which contains both the pachycephalosaurs and the ceratopsians, although these features have been lost in all known ceratopsians more derived than Yinlong. Sep 21, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Georgia Kemp. The genus is recognized as the most primitive ceratopsian dinosaur known, and it is also the earliest indisputable ceratopsian described from the Jurassic Period. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Dinosaur Facts. Yinlong (隱龍, meaning "hidden dragon") is a genus of basal ceratopsian dinosaur from the Late Jurassic Period of central Asia. Discover (and save!) Yinlong was discovered in an upper section of this formation which dates to the Oxfordian stage of the Late Jurassic, or 161.2 to 155.7 million years ago. Its skull is deep and wide and relatively large compared to most ornithischians, but also proportionately smaller than most other ceratopsians. 3 juil. Discover (and save!) May 16, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Ngikchu. Yinlong means hidden dragon. Its habitat was the woodlands of … However, this hypothesis was not supported by a subsequent analysis of basal ornithischians that was carried out as part of a study on the postcranial anatomy of Yinlong, which resolved the below phylogeny of Ceratopsia. Omissions? In fact, Psittacosaurus was one of the most "basal" ceratopsians, predated only by the late Jurassic Chaoyangsaurus and itself a close cousin to a bewildering array of proto-ceratopsian genera, including Yinlong and Leptoceratops. [1][4], A small rostral bone on the end of the upper jaw clearly identifies Yinlong as a ceratopsian, although the skull displays several features, especially the ornamentation of the squamosal bone of the skull roof, which were previously thought to be unique to pachycephalosaurians. Like his descendants, this little dinosaurs … And the discovery is revealing ancient secrets from the age of the dinosaurs. Discover (and save!) 2017 - Explorez le tableau « Dinosauria : Yinlong » de Giusepe Di Legami, auquel 350 utilisateurs de Pinterest sont abonnés. Yinlong represents the earliest identifiable ceratopsian dinosaur. It was the main preyitem for Guanlong. 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